Asia Pacific Memo update: How mobile phones swayed an Indian election and how bicycles struck back

The Asia Pacific Memo series publishes short text Memos or video interviews on current issues in Asia and across the Pacific at

• Political Parties and Islam in Indonesia: A Religious Façade — by University of Denver PhD student Geoffrey Macdonald.
• Why Technology Needs People: Gold, Phones, and Bicycles — by Robin Jeffrey, University of Singapore and Assa Doron, Australian National University.